Subjection of Women Working Inside College-level American Football Teams in Japan and Canada

By Megumi Seki.

Published by The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: June 5, 2015 $US5.00

This research involves comparing the subjection of the female workers in Japan called “manêjâ” to female athletic therapists in Canada, in the context of all-male football teams. Specifically, the purpose is to investigate the social construction of gendered subjectivities of female workers that exist in male-dominated organizational settings. Post-structural gender theory and the concept of “discourse” and “subjection” as a theoretical approach were used. The methods of data collection employed included participant observations, interviews, and content analysis. For this paper, I mainly used the data from semi-structured interviews I conducted with female workers. Results lead to the conclusion that in Canada, professional discourse between female workers and male players put female workers on an equal footing with male players; however, some male head coaches can affect the working environment of female workers. In Japan, they seemed oppressed by sexist and heterosexist discourse. But at the same time, these workers learned survival skills and enjoyed their work environment. The research project will investigate the ways in which the work environment and attitudes need to be changed in order to give female workers a more welcoming and empowering experience.

Keywords: Sociology, Gender, Sports

The International Journal of Interdisciplinary Organizational Studies, Volume 9, Issue 3-4, June 2015, pp.1-11. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: June 5, 2015 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 580.005KB)).

Megumi Seki

Ph.D Candidate, School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai, Osaka, Japan